In this paper, we study the problem of decomposing the end-to-end delay into the per-hop delay for each packet, in multi-hop wireless ad hoc networks. Knowledge on the per-hop per-packet delay can greatly improve the network visibility and facilitate network measurement and management. We propose Domo, a passive, lightweight, and accurate delay tomography approach to decomposing the packet end-to-end delay into each hop. We first formulate the per packet delay tomography problem into a set of optimization problems by carefully considering the constraints among various timing quantities. At the network side, Domo attaches a small overhead to each packet for constructing constraints of the optimization problems. By solving these optimization problems by semi-definite relaxation at the PC side, Domo is able to estimate the per-hop delays with high accuracy as well as give a upper bound and lower bound for each unknown per-hop delay. We implement Domo and evaluate its performance extensively using both trace-driven studies and large-scale simulations. Results show that Domo significantly outperforms two existing methods, nearly tripling the accuracy of the state-of-the-art.
You are here: / / Accurate Per-Packet Delay Tomography in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks