This abstract proposes ToF, a general transformation-based optimization framework for workflows in the cloud. Specifically, ToF formulates six basic workflow transformation operations. An arbitrary performance and cost optimization process can be represented as a transformation plan (i.e., a sequence of basic transformation operations). All transformations form a huge optimization space. We further develop a cost model guided planner to efficiently find the optimized transformation for a predefined goal (e.g., minimizing the monetary cost with a given performance requirement). We develop ToF on real cloud environments including Amazon EC2 and Rackspace. Our experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of ToF in optimizing the performance and cost in comparison with other existing approaches.
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